India celebrates its 75th Republic Day on January 26, 2024, marking the adoption of the constitution on this day in 1950. Republic Day holds immense significance as it commemorates the day when India became a sovereign democratic republic. This milestone is celebrated with great pride and patriotism throughout the country.
1. Historical Significance of Republic Day
The journey towards Republic Day began with the formation of the constituent assembly in December 1946. The assembly held its first session, and after rigorous discussions and deliberations, the final session took place in November 1949. Dr. BR Ambedkar, the visionary leader, headed the drafting committee, which formulated the constitution. On January 26, 1950, the constitution was enacted, marking the transformation of India into a republic.
2. Theme of Republic Day 2024
The theme of this year's Republic Day is 'Viksit Bharat' and 'Bharat: Loktantra ki Matruka' which symbolize India's aspirations and its role as the nurturer of democracy. The theme highlights the progress made by India as a nation and its commitment to upholding the principles of democracy.
3. Republic Day Celebrations
Republic Day is celebrated with grandeur and enthusiasm across the country. The main event takes place in the capital city, New Delhi, where the President of India unfurls the national flag at Kartavya Path. The ceremony is accompanied by magnificent military parades, cultural performances, and showcases the diverse heritage of India.
4. Prime Minister's Tribute at the National War Memorial
The Republic Day 2024 ceremony begins with the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, paying solemn tributes to the fallen heroes at the National War Memorial. He lays a wreath to honor the sacrifices made by the brave soldiers who fought for the nation's freedom and security.
5. Flag Hoisting and Parade
Following the tribute at the National War Memorial, the Prime Minister and other dignitaries head to Kartavya Path to witness the grand parade. The President of India hoists the national flag at 8 am, marking the official commencement of the Republic Day celebrations. The parade, which starts at 10:30 am, showcases the military might, cultural diversity, and technological advancements of India.
6. Chief Guest and Special Guests
The Republic Day Parade of 2024 is honored to have French President Emmanuel Macron as the chief guest. This reflects the strong diplomatic ties between India and France. Additionally, over 13,000 special guests have been invited to witness the grandeur of the parade.
7. Women Empowerment in the Parade
This year's Republic Day parade is unique as it highlights the empowerment of women. The parade begins with the music of traditional Indian instruments played by 100 talented women artists. It also features the participation of an all-women Tri-Service contingent, showcasing the indomitable spirit and capabilities of women in the armed forces.
8. Participation of France
The Republic Day Parade of 2024 witnesses the participation of a 95-member marching contingent and a 33-member band contingent from France. This collaboration strengthens the cultural exchange between the two nations and showcases the rich heritage of both India and France.
9. Tableaux Representing States and Ministries
A total of 25 tableaux representing 16 states/union territories and nine ministries/departments will roll down Kartavya Path during the parade. The tableaux showcase the rich cultural heritage, achievements, and development initiatives of various regions and government departments. The states/union territories include Arunachal Pradesh, Haryana, Manipur, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Ladakh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Meghalaya, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Telangana. The ministries/departments include the Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of External Affairs, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways, Ministry of Culture, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Centre for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Election Commission of India, and Central Public Works Department (CPWD).
10. Beating Retreat Ceremony
On January 29, the Beating Retreat ceremony will be held at Vijay Chowk. This centuries-old tradition, dating back to the early 1950s, is a mesmerizing display by massed bands. It marks the end of Republic Day celebrations and signifies the retreat of troops from the battlefield at sunset.
Republic Day is a momentous occasion for every Indian, symbolizing the country's unity, diversity, and democratic spirit. As India celebrates its 75th Republic Day in 2024, the nation reflects on its progress and reaffirms its commitment to upholding the principles enshrined in the constitution. The grand celebrations and parades serve as a reminder of the sacrifices made by the freedom fighters and the collective responsibility of every citizen to build a strong and prosperous nation.