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Different Types of Batting Styles and Shots in Cricket

Understanding the different types of batting styles and shots in cricket is essential for any aspiring cricketer. This comprehensive guide covers various techniques and strategies to help enhance your batting skills and performance on the field.

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By Crickified
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Demonstration of Cut, Pull and Sweep Shots (left to right) respectively (In Frame, Shubman Gill during Test and T20 Tournaments)

Cricket is a sport that captivates millions of fans around the world. From the textbook shots to the unorthodox strokes, the game of cricket offers a wide variety of batting techniques that showcase the skill and creativity of the batsmen. Whether it's the elegant cover drive or the audacious scoop shot, each cricket shot has its own unique identity and purpose.

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In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the different types of cricket shots, both orthodox and unorthodox, and delve into the intricacies of their execution. From the front foot defense to the helicopter shot, we will break down each shot, providing insights into their technical aspects, field placements, and when to play them. So, let's dive into the world of cricket shots and discover the secrets behind mastering the art of batting.

Orthodox or Conventional Cricket Shots

Front Foot Defense

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The front foot defense is a classic cricket shot that is primarily used to block the good balls and protect the wicket. When a batter leans on his front foot and blocks the ball, it showcases his ability to handle deliveries on the line of the stumps. This shot is commonly seen in Test cricket, where the focus is on building a solid defensive foundation.

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Front Foot Defense (Shubman Gill during Test Match)


Back Foot Defense

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Similar to the front foot defense, the back foot defense is played when the batsman transfers his weight onto the back foot and stands tall to block the ball. This shot is effective against short-length deliveries on the body line. Batsmen use the back foot defense when their primary objective is to save their wicket at any cost. It is also commonly seen in Test cricket.

Straight Drive

The straight drive is a classic and elegant cricket shot that showcases the batsman's ability to play the ball on the line of the stumps. In this shot, the batsman shows his entire bat face towards the sight screen and transfers his weight onto the front foot. The straight drive is played for full-length or good-length balls and is aimed at hitting the ball straight down the ground.


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Straight Drive (Shubman Gill during Asia Cup 2023)

 

On Drive

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The on drive is played when the batsman shows the bat face towards the long-on region. This shot is commonly used to pick singles towards the long-on region when spinners are bowling. The on drive is played on the front foot and is effective against full-length and good-length deliveries on the stumps line. It is a go-to shot for aggressive batsmen looking to dominate the bowlers.


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On Drive (Shubman Gill during ODI 2023)


Off Drive

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The off drive is the opposite of the on drive. In this shot, the batsman shows the bat face towards the long-off region. It is played on the front foot and is effective against fuller or good-length deliveries outside the off stump. The off drive is a stylish cricket shot that allows the batsman to showcase his technique and timing. It is often played to clear the infield and score boundaries.


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Off Drive (Shubman Gill during ODI 2022)


Cover Drive

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The cover drive is one of the most elegant cricket shots that a batsman can play. It is executed by showing the bat face towards the cover region and drifting onto the front foot. The cover drive is commonly used to play full-length and good-length deliveries, especially juicy half volleys. Batsmen love playing the cover drive when the ball is outside the off stump line.

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Cover Drive (Shubman Gill during ODI 2023)



Square Drive

When a batsman plays a shot by showing the bat face towards the cover-point region, it is called a square drive. This shot is similar to the cover drive in terms of technique and execution. The only difference is the line of the ball. The square drive is played when the ball is on the off stump line. It has an extension called the lofted square drive, which propels the ball over the cover point or point fielder.

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Square Drive (Shubman Gill during Test Match 2023)

 

Back Foot Punch or Back Foot Drive

The back foot punch or back foot drive is a gorgeous shot played on the back foot in front of the wicket on the off-side area. When the bowler delivers a good length or back of a length ball, the batsman transfers his weight onto the back foot and drives the ball towards the cover or cover-point region. It is a technically challenging shot that requires excellent timing and footwork.

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Back Foot Punch (Shubman Gill during Test Match)


Cut Shot

The cut shot is a powerful stroke played from the point to the third man region. It is executed by rocking back on the back foot and slapping the ball hard. The cut shot is played to balls that travel away from the off stump, primarily targeting back of length and short of length deliveries. The square cut, uppercut, and late cut are variations of the cut shot that offer different angles and placements.

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Cut Shot (Shubman Gill during Test Match 2023)

 

Leg Glance

The leg glance is played when the bowler drifts the ball onto the batsman's pads. The batsman intends to play this shot towards the fine leg region. Depending on the ball's length, the leg glance can be played on the front or back foot. It is a low-risk shot that takes advantage of wayward deliveries and allows the batsman to score runs without taking significant risks.

Sweep Shot

Typically, the front foot is used for executing this shot in spin bowling. When a bowler delivers a ball that is full-length, the batsman can be seen on one knee as they sweep the ball towards the square leg area. This particular type of shot is known as a sweep shot and has proven to be reliable when facing spin bowlers on turning tracks. Interestingly, modern cricketers have also started employing the sweep shot against fast bowlers. The batsman has the option to either play it along the ground or send it soaring through the air based on their preference.


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Sweep Shot (Shubman Gill during IPL 2023)



Reverse Sweep

The reverse sweep, although considered unorthodox by many, is actually a widely utilized cricket shot. In contrast to the conventional sweep shot mentioned earlier, the batsman employs their non-dominant hand and aims the bat face towards the third man. This shot is often employed as a counter-attack when bowlers have the advantage in a given situation.

Slog Sweep

The batsman employs the slog-sweep as an advancement of the conventional sweep shot. Although played from a familiar position, this shot differs in its bat swing, which is directed towards mid-wicket instead of fine-leg. The slog-sweep is primarily utilized to strike boundaries off good-length or full-length deliveries. Regarded as one of cricket's most aggressive shots, it exhibits great attacking prowess.

Flick Shot

The shot resembling the leg-glance is quite similar. However, the flick shot covers a wider range compared to the leg glance. Additionally, this particular shot is played by batsmen primarily on their front foot when the ball approaches them in line with the stumps. Consequently, they choose either fuller length or good-length deliveries to execute a flick shot that veers towards their pads and towards the leg side.
This cricketing stroke is also known as a wrist flick and its execution depends on field placement. The range of this flick can be quite vast, depending on how effectively a batsman utilizes his wrist movement. It can span from the mid-wicket region to fine-leg region.
Expanding further on this technique results in what's called a pickup shot which resembles and builds upon the original flick shot but involves less footwork. Nevertheless, executing an accurate wrist-driven flick remains one of cricket's most effortless shots for batsmen who possess strong skills in manipulating their wrists effectively during gameplay.

Pull Shot

The batsman often executes this particular shot when the bowler delivers a short-of-length ball. The pull shot can be played either on the front foot or the back foot, depending on the batsman's skill and preference. Two examples of players who excel at this shot are India's Rohit Sharma and Virat Kohli. However, they approach it differently - Rohit tends to come forward on his front foot to play it in front of the wicket, while Virat rocks back onto his back foot and plays it behind the wicket.

Nevertheless, there is a wide range to the pull shot. It can be played anywhere between mid-wicket and fine-leg, depending on factors such as personal choice and bowler's pace. The pull shot encompasses variations like the short-arm pull and Nataraja pull where it is executed while balancing on one leg. There are instances where it resembles a tennis ball shot that goes over the bowler's head.


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Pull Shot (Shubman Gill during Test Match 2023)

 

Rohit Sharma stands out as one of today's best practitioners of this powerful cricket stroke; he has mastered both technique and timing when playing pulls. Indeed, pulling represents one of cricket's most forceful shots due to its ability to generate significant power behind each strike of the ball

Also Read Different Types of Bowling

Unorthodox or Non-Conventional Cricket Shots


Ramp Shot

The ramp shot is a soft touch shot where the batsman points his bat face towards the sky to play the ball. It is effective against short-of-length deliveries chest height and on the off-stump line. The batsman transfers his weight onto the back foot and uses the pace of the bowler to guide the ball over the fielders. The ramp shot has variations like the paddle scoop and the Dilscoop.

Switch Hit

The switch hit is an innovative and audacious shot played by batsmen like Kevin Pietersen. Before the bowler delivers the ball, the batsman switches his stance and plays the shot on the off-side. It is primarily used against good length and back of length balls, especially on the leg stump line. The switch hit is an unpredictable shot that keeps the bowlers guessing and disrupts their plans.


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Switch Hit (Ishan Kisan during T20I 2021)


Scoop Shot

The scoop shot is an unorthodox stroke that involves hitting the ball from the wicket-keeper's head. It is played to fuller or good-length deliveries and requires quick reflexes and excellent hand-eye coordination. The paddle scoop, Dilscoop, and reverse scoop are variations of this shot, each offering different angles and trajectories. The scoop shot is commonly used to score boundaries over the fielders in the inner circle.


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Scoop Shot (Rohit Sharma during CWC 2019)


 Helicopter Shot

The helicopter shot is a power-packed stroke made famous by the legendary MS Dhoni. It is played to yorker-length deliveries and involves swinging the bat almost from ground level. The bat swing remains on the same line from start to finish, generating immense power and allowing the batsman to clear the boundary ropes. The helicopter shot requires exceptional timing and strength in the wrists.


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Helicopter Shot (MS Dhoni during IPL)


Other Unorthodox Cricket Shots

In addition to the above-mentioned shots, there are several other unorthodox cricket shots that batsmen have invented to score runs uniquely in different situations. These shots include the reverse sweep, slog sweep, flick shot, and pull shot. Each of these shots has its own set of characteristics, technical requirements, and field placements. Batsmen use these shots to put pressure on the bowlers and create scoring opportunities.

Understanding Fielding Positions for better Shot Selection

In the game of cricket, a strategic arrangement of fielding positions is employed to increase the likelihood of dismissing batsmen or preventing them from scoring runs. Each position on the field has its own unique name and serves a specific purpose. Some commonly utilized fielding positions include slips, gully, cover, mid-wicket, and fine leg. The captain determines where to place players based on factors such as the current game situation and each player's individual strengths.

Also Read The Anatomy of Cricket Ground

A visual representation demonstrates these various fielding positions. For right-handed batsmen (those facing the bowler), the area to their left is known as the 'leg side' or 'on side', while the area to their right is referred to as the 'off side'. Conversely, for left-handed batsmen, these sides are reversed resulting in a mirrored image of displayed fielding positions.

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Anatomy of Cricket Ground (Fielding positions for a right-handed batsmen)


Also Read The Anatomy of Cricket Pitch


Conclusion

Mastering the art of batting in cricket requires a deep understanding of the different types of cricket shots. From the orthodox shots that form the foundation of a solid batting technique to the unorthodox strokes that dazzle spectators, each shot adds a unique dimension to a batsman's repertoire. By practicing and honing these shots, batsmen can become more versatile, adapt to different match situations, and score runs with flair and creativity.

Remember, the key to playing these shots effectively lies in technique, timing, and footwork. It is crucial to assess the line, length, and pace of the ball before deciding which shot to play. With practice and experience, batsmen can develop the confidence to execute these shots under pressure and make a significant impact on the game.

So, grab your bat, head to the nets, and start perfecting your cricket shots. With dedication and determination, you can become a master of the art of batting and leave a lasting impression on the cricketing world. Happy batting!

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