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Here, the most crucial thing is to identify the symptoms – whether they are heart-related or Post-COVID-19. After the attack of virus, famous cardiologists from across the world have clarified which Post-Covid-19 symptoms may point to a heart issue, or when to call a doctor or pay attention on other factors. There are varied cases that have indicated heart problems after COVID. They are not just the examples of having heart attacks Post-COVID.

Research Says Approx 50% Patients with Severe Infection Have High Chance of Getting a Heart Attack
According to studies, more than 50% COVID-19 patients with a severe infection have a high chance of getting a heart attack in a few days, or weeks, or month after recovery. You may see a good number of people recovered; while others are give way. It has also been witnessed that those who had zero heart risk prior the contracting COVID-19 reported cardiac issues after recovering from the virus infections.

It’s Time to Clear Doubts about the COVID-19 and Heart Problems
According to heart specialists, COVID-19 is a respiratory or lung disease that can create problems for the heart too. There are varied factors that can cause temporary or lasting heart issues. Some of the factors are given here
Oxygen Level and Its Fluctuation - Virus is not in favor as it may cause inflammation and fluid to fill up the air sacs in the lungs that can cause less oxygen – reach to bloodstream. In such a situation, the heart has to work harder to pump blood through the body – that can be dangerous in people with preexisting heart disease. Post Covid-19 situation can be problematic as heart can fail from overwork and sometimes due to insufficient oxygen can cause cell death and tissue damage in the heart and other organs.
Heart Inflammation – It may be another factor due to COVID-19 that may infect and damage the heart’s muscle tissue directly – possible with other viral infections that include some strains of the flu. Heart may become inflamed indirectly due to body’s own immune system response. Not to mention the possibility of inner surface of veins and arteries that may be affected. They can cause blood vessel inflammation, damage to very small vessels and blood clots. Doctors remark, “The COVID-19 may affect endothelial cells – forming the lining of the blood vessels”.
Cardiomyopathy – It is a heart muscle disorder –affecting the way of pumping blood effectively. If it is attacked by a virus, the body undergoes stress and releases a surge of chemicals – called catecholamines – stun the heart.

Serious Corona Virus Complications
Possibility of immune system’s start on attack on the occupying virus is severe and the cases are increasing after COVID-19 – destroying the healthy tissues and giving an open invitation to varied health complications. At the time of responding to the infection with the virus (Corona Virus), the human body may start releasing a flood of proteins – called cytokines helping keep in contact with one another and fight the attackers or viruses. In some cases – mainly due to a genetic difference, the normal defensive event is overstated, leaving them vulnerable to a cytokine storm.

Know About the Cytokine
As far as the cytokine is concerned, it results in the immune system response – causing inflammation that can overwhelm the body. In addition to this, it may cause some other issues too like destroying the healthy tissue and damaging organs like kidneys, liver, and heart.
The heart damage due to this issue can also affect the heart’s functioning. It can be catastrophic – the serious ventricular arrhythmias. According to the heart specialists, “A cytokine storm is hard and difficult to endure. Using immune-suppressing drugs for patients with COVID-19 can be beneficial, mainly for those who are experiencing serious complications.

What Is the Status of Heart Rate or Possibility with COVID-19?
In case, patients are experiencing heart beat fluctuation – rapid heartbeat or palpitations (after COVID-19) are advised to seek emergency medical attention or contact a doctor for initial consultation or for treatment. Some patients may face a temporary increase in heart rate – caused by a lot of different things like dehydration. You are advised to ensure you are getting enough fluids – mainly in case of fever.

Here are a few symptoms of irregular heart beat that are the clear indication to seek medical help

  • Chest discomfort
  • Feeling light-headed or dizzy, mainly when standing
  • Feeling heart beat increasing rapidly or irregularly in your chest (it is called as palpitation)

What Are the Symptoms and Signs of Heart Problems after COVID-19?
From fast to slow, the heart rate may vary one person to another – unrelated to physical exertion for no apparent reason. Shortness of breath, chest pain, palpitations may be common complaints after having COVID-19. It may be due to some other factors too like prolonged activity and spending more time recovering in bed.
Shortness of Breath – It can be a symptom – severe. In case of shortness of breath after COVID-19, you should consult a doctor. You can also use Oxygen Saturation monitor to check the shortness of breath and then take the right step. Doctors also remark that shortness of breath is not a sign of serious problem all the time. If you have the symptoms of low oxygen level (Below 92%), then it can be the reason to concern and seek medical support. In some cases, it may be with exertion after COVID-19 because they have been less active for a long time and need to gradually build their fitness level back up. 
In case of facing the shortness of breath or leg swelling after COVID-19, you are advised to contact doctor. Your family doctor may recommend evaluation by a cardiologist, in case the test indicates you are at risk. Don’t forget to note that heart failure after COVID-19 is rare.

Chest Pain as Post-Covid-19 Compliant
Chest pain, however, is nothing serious, can be severe and a big issue after COVID-19. If it is persistent, or you are also having nausea, shortness of breath or lightheadedness, you should consult with doctors because it could be the symptoms of a heart attack. If chest pain occurs at the time of inhaling, you might have lung inflammation. It is equally important to keep in mind that sudden severe chest pain could be a blood clot in the lung or pulmonary embolism.

What Are the Conditions in POTS?
Patients recovering from COVID-19 may have symptoms of a condition that is called as Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome or POTS. This syndrome isn’t direct a cardiac problem, but a neurologic one – affecting the part of the nervous system – regulating heart rate and blood flow. In addition to this, this syndrome can also cause rapid heartbeat at the time of standing up. If not taken care properly, it can lead to varied issues like

  • Brain Fog
  • Fatigue
  • Palpitations
  • Lightheadedness

There may be some other symptoms too. You are advised to consult with doctors or cardiologists, if you feel the problems mentioned above. It will be better to get all the key tests done to clear your doubts.

People with COVID-19 Can Have Symptoms Similar to Those of a Heart Attack
Don’t forget to note that people with COVID-19 can have the symptoms of heart attack like chest pain, shortness of breath, changes on their echocardiogram or ultrasound of the heart. Doctors also remark that there is no evidence of a blockage in the heart’s blood vessels at the time of patients are given an angiogram that would indicate a heart attack in progress. You should also keep in mind that COVID-19 and other viral infections can also cause small blood clots to form – that can block tiny blood vessels and cause pain. In case of feeling the symptoms of heart attack, you are advised to seek urgent medical attention. Don’t try to manage the symptoms on your own at home.
If you feel chest pain – mainly severe chest pain, accompanied by nausea, shortness of breath, lightheadedness or sweating or sudden chest pain, especially with shortness of breath lasting more than five minute, you should seek emergency medical help.
You can also consult with doctors, if you feel persistent, non-severe pain or increasing in frequency. New chest pain that resolves in a few minutes or new exertional chest pain relieved by rest may require consulting with doctors.
Seek Medical Support or Consult with Doctors
You are advised to not sit at home or try something from your end. You need to consult with doctors and follow their instructions. By doing so, making some changes in your regular lifestyle after COVID-19, and paying equal attention to stay healthy with positive attitude will surely make your mind and will provide you with some of the best options. You can easily find a hospital or a clinic near you. It will be better to schedule an appointment with a cardiologist or heart specialist or consult with your family doctor to get recommendation for the specialist. By doing so, you will be able to reduce the chances of heart attack to a great level or may lead to a healthy life.

 

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TheFrames Team

TheFrames Team has versatile authors to write articles on any topic. They are continuously putting their efforts to put various Series on the website. They put 3-4 articles under each series.

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